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  • HD/SD artifact solution?

    Sorry to beat a dead horse and I promise I will not post a question on this topic again Please don't construe this post as being anti Edius/GrassValley.
    I am grateful for the products and the help I have received over the past 10 years or so from both Grass Valley and the good folks on this forum.

    HOWEVER,

    I have now spent a week editing my first 2 hour project of my shooting season constantly checking the forum and sending files to various people trying to solve the stair step problem or horizontal artifacts when down converting from HD to SD.

    So far there seems to be no solution inside of Edius.

    My work flow up to this point was as follows:
    shoot in 1440x1080 with Sony EX-1
    Edit in Edius 4.6 same settings
    export time line as Canopus HQ
    open new project with SD 720x480 settings
    drag the exported HQ file on to the time line
    When I play that clip the stair steps on horizontal lines are
    really bad.

    What can I do in my work flow to get rid of the artifacts at this point? My end product is SD 4x3 DVD.

    Several of you have suggested virtual dub. I have downloaded it but have no clue as to how to use it. If you have eliminated the artifacts with virtual dub or Procoder please either post your settings or PM me to save time space on the forum.

    At this point I need to convert to 4x3 and encode for DVD authoring
    If there is a solution inside of Edius (procoder) or outside Edius (virtual dub or others) would you post your settings using the KISS procedure. Keeping it simple for stupid folks like me.


    I guess the real question I have is this an Edius problem or camera problem? Maybe both?

    I have looked back at last year's season at my SD DVDs shooting with a Zu1 in the same HDV setting using Edius 3.5. and although the artifacts are there, they are not at pronounced. It appears that part of the problem in down converting is native to Edius. It also appears that it is worse with 4.6.

    If this is a universal problem? If it is an Edius problem is anyone working on it? Or do we just let it languish hoping the solution will be blue ray.

    What I did in the past is after changing the project settings from 16x9 HDV to 4x3 SD was to go to each of the clips using the layout tool to "fit height".Then laboriously changing each title to 4x3. The last step was to encode with PCE or Procoder before importing into authoring program. The artifacts were there but not as pronounced.

    I for one think it will be a while before SD DVD as a product goes away. I don't see my customer base demanding it anytime soon and I don't see me changing my product until the blank disks come way down in price.

    One of the reasons I am so interested in solving this problem is that my shooting season is just beginning and I want to improve my product not down grade it. I have a 2 hour project to edit and produce every week and
    I am trying to stream line my production and at the same time keep the quality up.

    Thanks

    Ronnie
    www.dirtracingvideo.com
    Ronnie Martin
    Kato Video Productions
    main system: custom built by Edit HD Ultma 277,Intel (R) core (TM) i7 2600K cpu 3.40 GHz 3.40Ghz, 16GB ram, Windows 7, Intel HD (R) graphics 3000, NVIDA Gforce GT 440, C drive Samsung SSD 850 pro, video drive WD 3TB SATA, 2 LG Bluray drives, External WD SATA 2TB storage/backup drives in thermaltake Black device. edius 8.3 WG

  • #2
    Ronnie: can you post a few seconds of a sample clip for testing purposes? I thought this problem was solved by the workaround you described at the beginning of your post, so I'm curious to see an example using something you've shot with the EX1.
    Edius 6.5 on Lenovo W520 laptop: Intel Core i7-2720QM @2.2 GHz, Nvidia graphics card, 8GB RAM, Windows 7 Pro 64-bit. Canon Vixia HF-G10, three Sony HDV video cameras and one Canon 7D.

    Comment


    • #3
      Originally posted by RonnieMartin View Post
      export time line as Canopus HQ
      open new project with SD 720x480 settings
      drag the exported HQ file on to the time line
      When I play that clip the stair steps on horizontal lines are
      really bad.
      www.dirtracingvideo.com
      Is your 720x480 project 4x3 at this step? Have you tried a 16:9 project? The footage will play back letterboxed, but I think this is the only way to get rid of that stairstepping.

      I also have the EX1 and have done a lot of 16x9 SD projects, and there is no stairstepping at all.

      Comment


      • #4
        Another thing you can try is go into your picture profile in the EX1 and turn OFF detail. It takes off the edges slightly and helps with the jaggies. Burn a test dvd and see if this helps. I like to shoot with detail off all the time.

        Comment


        • #5
          I have done quite a number of HD to SD (HD from HVX202, SD output to PAL - not NTSC) on my EDIUS 4.6 - and so far, I fail to see any staircase like artifracts. Input is 16:9 aspect ratio, output is also 16:9 (when played on normal 4:3 PAL TV - it gets letterboxed).

          Down-conversion is done using ProCoder 3 or Sorenson Squeeze.
          TingSern
          --------------------------------------
          Edius 9.4 Pro, Lenovo P72 workstation laptop, 64GB RAM, Xeon CPU, Windows 10 Pro (64 bits), 2 x 2TB Samsung M2.NVME and 1 x 4TB Samsung SSD internal. Panasonic UX180 camera, Blackmagic 4K Pocket Cinema, Blackmagic Pocket Cinema

          Comment


          • #6
            Originally posted by tingsern View Post
            I have done quite a number of HD to SD (HD from HVX202, SD output to PAL - not NTSC) on my EDIUS 4.6 - and so far, I fail to see any staircase like artifracts. Input is 16:9 aspect ratio, output is also 16:9 (when played on normal 4:3 PAL TV - it gets letterboxed).

            Down-conversion is done using ProCoder 3 or Sorenson Squeeze.
            You haven't seen his footage, it is pretty bad, it is not the stair steps, it is the flickering, the only way that will fix that is to use Barry's method of using circular blur with ProCoderor deinterlaced it and accept a softer picture, Seems like the camera is so sharp that because of interlaced footage playing it will flicker, just like when you scan an image at such high resolution to it will flicker with horizonal/diagonal lines.
            I7-6900K, X99 Taichi, Geforce GTX 1070, Corsair RM850X, Corsair H100 IV2, Windows 10, Edius WG 9.30

            Comment


            • #7
              Originally posted by Khoi Pham View Post
              You haven't seen his footage, it is pretty bad, it is not the stair steps, it is the flickering, the only way that will fix that is to use Barry's method of using circular blur with ProCoder deinterlaced it and accept a softer picture, Seems like the camera is so sharp that because of interlaced footage playing it will flicker, just like when you scan an image at such high resolution to it will flicker with horizonal/diagonal lines.
              Yes - I have spent a while trying to get the footage to stop doing the jaggies, but to no avail.

              You can see the artifacts in the 1080i picture, but its terrible when converted to 576i, regardless of the format and layout scaling I choose.

              I am about to go off and try some other tools, but thought I'd add my voice to the list of concerned users - I just ordered an EX1 !.

              I do have a faint glimmer of hope that it is the camera settings though.. Rons footage is 1440 x 1080i not 1920x1080p and I believe the cameras sensors are doing 1920 down convert to 1440 to make it HDV compliant?? which may be something to do with it, however its most noticeable in the black and white chrome style objects, high contrast areas, so the sharpness trick mentioned earlier might really help.

              To be honest, if there is no solution, I would opt for a different camera or software - its that bad, although IMHO I suspect its not edius's fault but a combination of things camera..

              OK - back again:

              Exported from Edius HDV timeline to :

              1. Windows media (480 x 270) - no artifacts
              2. Windows media (720 x 480) - no artifacts
              3. M2p Using generic encoder to SD (720x480) high bitrate - lots of artifacts
              4. Vp6 flash, using exported M2P (speed encoder) 1440x1080i and Flash Video convertor - no artifacts

              Maybe its a weakness in the HQ codec?

              Ron, if you capture as a .ts, does it have the same issues?
              Last edited by xmanflash; 03-09-2008, 01:44 PM.
              www.wishlistcentral.com - suggest new features
              www.buglistcentral.com - report bugs
              www.wishlistcentral.com/edius/ - Free edius user add-ons

              Comment


              • #8
                Originally posted by xmanflash View Post
                I do have a faint glimmer of hope that it is the camera settings though.. Rons footage is 1440 x 1080i not 1920x1080p and I believe the cameras sensors are doing 1920 down convert to 1440 to make it HDV compliant?? which may be something to do with it, however its most noticeable in the black and white chrome style objects, high contrast areas, so the sharpness trick mentioned earlier might really help.

                To be honest, if there is no solution, Ron would have a case for getting another camera, or new software - its that bad, although IMHO I suspect its not edius's fault but the camera..
                Hi Guys I'm back from a weeks shooting in the Fleurieu Peninsula south of Adelaide and this problem is a real "BUG"
                The problem is two fold
                1: The better the camera the worse the problem
                2: The better the Encoder the worse the problem. An old mpeg encoder in Media studio pro 7 has no artifacts from the HD video but the DVD video is even softer than I am now obtaining.
                This makes Edius and Procoder real problems as they are the best!
                I took all three cameras and did some identical shooting making sure there was plenty of HI contrast black and white horizontal detail in the clips and guess what
                The Sony FX1 with its soft focus performs admirably
                The Canon footage both have the artifacts with the same footage!
                The Canons are much sharper so I can imagine the problems with the EX1 which should be sharper again!
                It is definitely caused by the interaction of interlaced footage,movement and sharp footage as applying a blur to the original eliminates the problem
                The following are my latest settings for curing it in Procoder 3, not necessarily the best yet but better than I have posted before
                Import into Procoder in HQ 1440 x 1080i
                Add the Circular Blur Video filter with a setting of 0.4 seems universal at this input, may be different at 1920
                On the Target Setting add the sharpen filter with the following settings
                Radius of Blur 1.5
                Blend 0.5
                Threshold 0.0
                Maybe with some tweeking you can make it better, if so post it and I will try it. The whole thing is so subjective you have to ascertain is it better to have some artifacting or, a slightly softer image
                Perhaps GV should look at providing a 1:2:1 pulldown filter like in Boris which stops the artifacting of manipulated HI definition stills, the filter is supplied in Boris to stop shimmering on scrolling text.
                My attempts to use it in Boris to down size video so far have all failed
                Regards Barry
                Last edited by Bluetongue; 03-09-2008, 11:42 AM.
                Win 10HP, EDIUS WG9.4, HD Spark, Boris RED 5, VMW6, Authorworks 6, Bluff Titler, VisTitler 2.8, NEAT 3/4, Mercalli 2/4, Vitascene, Izotope RX6 Plugin, NewBlue, Trend Micro AV
                GB GA-X58A-UD3R MB, i7 [email protected], 12G 1600mhz Mem, Samsung EVO-250G SSD, 3x2T RAID, GTX 970W OC, 2x24 inch LG Monitors
                Canon XH-A1/ Canon HF-G30, GoPro Hero3 Black, Edit @1920 50p HQ preset

                https://vimeo.com/user2157719/videos
                Laptop ASUS G752VT-GC060T Win 10HP, Edius WG8.53 Samsung M2 SSD 256G+1Tb HD,

                Comment


                • #9
                  Thanks everybody for all your help with this problem... I really hope that Edius/GV is working on it. I shot a race down on the Gulf Coast last weekend and the fence in the foreground demonstrated similar artifacts on the horizontal components. I feel like we have all been sold a bill of goods with the wonderful reviews of moving up to HD or HDV with our acquisition and then down converting to SD. I must say that most of the other footage I have shot with the EX, and then edited in Edius, when at HDV settings, looks really super on a HD monitor. Unfortunately, we still live in a SD world when it comes to distribution.

                  The main reason that I have shot with the EX in the HDV mode is because my B roll camera is a ZU1. Also the darn cards are so expensive that to shoot in 1920x1080 for any length of time you need several of the 16 gig cards.

                  I distinctly remember Sony at NAB last year touting the fact that the cards would be available from other venders and that the price would come down.
                  So far I have not seen any other companies advertising the cards for a cheaper price. Makes you kinda feel had all the way around.

                  I stayed up most of the night last night looking on other forums and it seems to be a pretty universal problem regardless of the editing platform. Who ever solves the artifact problem will have a leg up on the rest of the platforms.

                  Maybe between now and NAB someone will come up with a fix. If not, I for one will sure be Knocking on some doors looking at other cameras and software.

                  Thanks again guys and gals keep tinkering.

                  Ronnie
                  Ronnie Martin
                  Kato Video Productions
                  main system: custom built by Edit HD Ultma 277,Intel (R) core (TM) i7 2600K cpu 3.40 GHz 3.40Ghz, 16GB ram, Windows 7, Intel HD (R) graphics 3000, NVIDA Gforce GT 440, C drive Samsung SSD 850 pro, video drive WD 3TB SATA, 2 LG Bluray drives, External WD SATA 2TB storage/backup drives in thermaltake Black device. edius 8.3 WG

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Finally got Boris to export a downsized file with 1:2:1 pull down and it cures the jaggies and shimmering, BUT don't rush in, it seems to only accept around 20 secs of video.
                    When I tried a 24 min program it just baulked at the idea
                    How do I get to add this to the wishlist for Edius or Procoder (1:2:1 pulldown) as this seems to be the answer??
                    One other alternative is to change the Project settings to SD and when you find a clip with the problem (Quite noticeable) manipulate it in Boris and replace on the timeline, rather time consuming and bothersome and requires knowing Boris real well or you can get disappointing results
                    Regards Barry
                    Win 10HP, EDIUS WG9.4, HD Spark, Boris RED 5, VMW6, Authorworks 6, Bluff Titler, VisTitler 2.8, NEAT 3/4, Mercalli 2/4, Vitascene, Izotope RX6 Plugin, NewBlue, Trend Micro AV
                    GB GA-X58A-UD3R MB, i7 [email protected], 12G 1600mhz Mem, Samsung EVO-250G SSD, 3x2T RAID, GTX 970W OC, 2x24 inch LG Monitors
                    Canon XH-A1/ Canon HF-G30, GoPro Hero3 Black, Edit @1920 50p HQ preset

                    https://vimeo.com/user2157719/videos
                    Laptop ASUS G752VT-GC060T Win 10HP, Edius WG8.53 Samsung M2 SSD 256G+1Tb HD,

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Ronnie, I wouldn't feel too bad as I think this is a problem that is just now getting reall attention bexasue the Ex is the first "everyday" camera that shoots with this this much resolution. As Barry mentioned the better the camera and encoder the worse the problem. So I don't think it was something that was really noticed before. I think that enough people are getting the EX that something will have to be added to allow SD wrok.

                      Have you tried Barry's setting in PC3?

                      BTW, I have not been able to get the footage into FCP. Still working on it.

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Hi Ronnie

                        I looked at your source footage and it looks fine

                        I converted it to SD resolution many ways and none were anywhere near as good as if I shoot SD in the first place

                        sorry, don't have better news at this stage, other than that I am glad to still be shooting SD

                        I would ask Sony what they recommend to get useful SD from this camera, they surely must have a trick otherwise this camera will die a painful death
                        Anton Strauss
                        Antons Video Productions - Sydney

                        EDIUS X WG with BM Mini Monitor 4k and BM Mini Recorder, Gigabyte X299 UD4 Pro, Intel Core i9 9960X 16 Core, 32 Threads @ 4.3Ghz, Corsair Water Cooling, Gigabyte RTX-2070 Super 3X 8GB Video Card, Samsung 860 Pro 512GB SSD for System, 8TB Samsung Raid0 SSD for Video, 2 Pioneer BDR-209 Blu-ray/DVD burners, Hotswap Bay for 3.5" Sata and 2.5" SSD, Phanteks Enthoo Pro XL Tower, Corsair 32GB DDR4 Ram, Win10 Pro

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          I've encountered many very distracting and unacceptable shimmering/flashing of any horizontal edges, even at HD. Small objects draw quite a bit of attention because they flash like neon signs.

                          Someone suggested changing the DETAIL settings in the EX1 to OFF. I can confirm that this is a huge leap in the right direction. It has been reported that with DETAIL on and set to "0", there is still in-camera sharpening of the images. This really makes the shimmer worse.
                          Chalchihuitl Productions
                          Sony EX1-Canon 7D DSLR-Flash XDR
                          HP8730w/HP8740w/Intel X48

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                          • #14
                            My best "in camera" so far is -40 for detail when shooting "HDV" 1440x1080 with the EX1, this gives retained detail in SD, but hugely reduces twitter.

                            Paul
                            Edius Edits at: http://www.vimeo.com/user781619/videos

                            1) AMD 3900X 12 core 4.6Ghz 2) Asus X79 4930K 6 core @4.4GHz Water Cooled. 480GB REVO3x2 System drive, 4TB Raid 0, 4 TB E-Sata Raid 5, 32GB RAM, GTX1070Ti Decklink HD Extreme. 3X Sony AX53 Sony AX700 BMPCC 4K

                            http://indiestereographer.blogspot.co.uk

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                            • #15
                              I must also add that the most successful down convertion I have seen, is through the EX1 itself. Playing back the 1920x1080 50i files or 1440x1880 50i or 720 50p produce really fine SD images when viewed thru the component SD out from the camera, even with the detail set up at factory. So this is hardware downconvertion, and it looks great.

                              So, once you have your 1440x1080 50i/60i project ready, produce an m2t file in edius and then output to the Ex1 SXS card. So far so good. Now comes the tricky bit, the only SD output from the EX1 is via component or composite. Composite is just too horrid to contemplate, so you need to capture the file through component SD, not possible with the NX card, or a Storm 2, so does someone make a cheap component to firewire unit with sync audio and t/code ?? or do we buy another capture card altogether.

                              What a shame the EX1 will not output SD downconvert thru its firewire - or am I wrong here?

                              Paul
                              Last edited by PaulTV; 03-10-2008, 07:35 PM.
                              Edius Edits at: http://www.vimeo.com/user781619/videos

                              1) AMD 3900X 12 core 4.6Ghz 2) Asus X79 4930K 6 core @4.4GHz Water Cooled. 480GB REVO3x2 System drive, 4TB Raid 0, 4 TB E-Sata Raid 5, 32GB RAM, GTX1070Ti Decklink HD Extreme. 3X Sony AX53 Sony AX700 BMPCC 4K

                              http://indiestereographer.blogspot.co.uk

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